by Shashank Verma May 17, 2022 8 min read
Are you a new dog parent? Welcome aboard.
A dog changes your life in many ways; you start organizing your stuff according to them! You have them buzzing around you all the time and moreover, you’ll get a joy that you have never thought of (and also terrible chewing for your shoes).
When we bring home a dog, we share our hearts, our home (and for some lucky puppies, even our beds). Nothing’s wrong with it, right? But sharing our treats with dogs can sometimes be unnecessary.
Many foods, such as some fruits and vegetables, which we digest very well, create havoc in a dog's body and cause serious health problems.
On the other hand, certain foods humans eat are necessary to be included in a dog's diet. They offer health benefits such as joint health, overall wellness, and wholesome nutrition.
Moreover, always remember that even healthy food in excess leads to obesity in dogs, which is a severe health problem for dogs (we’ve all got a chubby cute buddy in our localities).
Always choose good quality, highly nutritious foods for your dog's main diet. But before giving your dog the foods you crave, join us and learn what foods are safe in what quantity. You can use different things to lure them in eating healthy - like boosters.
Let’s first talk about the biology and nutrition aspect
Dogs are omnivorous, biologically. They require predominantly meat, with some amount of vegetables in their diet to grow to their full potential. The discussion is further aided by the number of products on the market, like kibble homemade food, meal plans and others; choose wisely.
All of the mixed information clutters the meal of the dogs.
Food safety considerations for dogs
Before you start rummaging through the pantry or refrigerator, keep a few things in mind:
Avoid salty, spicy, sugary, or fatty foods. You and your dog's taste buds aren't the same (remember, sometimes he runs into poop!), so the meal you cook doesn't have to be a delicious treat. In fact, anything other than regular food can cause digestive upset, such as vomiting, diarrhea, or constipation.
Avoid toxic and processed foods. Furthermore, some human foods can be harmful to dogs, including grapes, raisins, onions, and garlic. Processed foods such as bacon and cold cuts are bad for them because of their high fat and sodium percent.
The meat you choose for them should be lean (at least 80% lean), skinless, boneless, and preferably cooked. White broiler chicken is ideal, but ground turkey or beef is fine. Boiling meat is better than frying or grilling.
Consider your dog's allergy and health issues when choosing their diet. Allergies to foods containing canine are usually caused by proteins derived from meat.
Health conditions of our furry friends like liver disease or kidney problems require a low-fat diet. When thinking about what to cook for your dog, think of a meal that won't worsen a food allergy or worsen a chronic illness.
Human food for dogs that won't harm them
Can dogs eat Carrots?
Carrots are a great source of Vitamin A and serve as an excellent alternative for nutrition and chewing. Chewing carrots can help remove plaque from their teeth and otherwise promote good dental health.
Which is beneficial for your dog's immune system, skin, and coat.
Can dogs eat Apples ?
Apples can be an essential source of vitamins for dogs (Vitamin A&C). Moreover, they are a good source of fiber, which helps them regulate their dog's digestion.
However, eating rotten apples can lead to alcohol poisoning in dogs.
Cooked white rice can be a good option for dogs with colic because it's easy to digest and helps bind stools together.
However, white rice can raise blood sugar, so dogs with diabetes should only eat small amounts.
Dairy derivatives like whole milk, cheese, and yogurt, are safe for dogs in smaller amounts. But, overeating dairy in the diet causes digestive problems because dogs have low lactase levels (a digestive enzyme that breaks down sugar in milk).
Lactose-intolerant dogs should not eat dairy products. If you’re thinking you can experiment with goat or camel milk, keep your dogs away from it. Signs of lactose intolerance include diarrhea or vomiting after consuming anything containing milk. If you are not sure, consult your vet.
Fish breeds like - Salmon, shrimp, and tuna are all safe for dogs and are good protein sources. Salmon and tuna are rich sources of omega-3 fatty acids, which help maintain a healthy dog's immune system, coat, and skin. If you cannot feed the fish use treats, that are dried and good for your dog.
Vitamin B in shrimp also helps maintain a dog's digestive system and promotes healthy blood circulation. It is important to cook fish thoroughly before feeding it to your dog, as undercooked fish can contain harmful parasites.
Boiled chicken without seasoning is a good choice when dogs have colic; otherwise, it can be mixed with rice or vegetables for diet improvement.
Peanut butter has many essential elements, including vitamins E and B, niacin, healthy fats, and protein. However, it’s crucial to check that peanut butter does not contain xylitol (a sweetener), which is toxic to dogs. Avoid giving your dog peanut butter with added sugar or sweeteners.
Anyone who suspects their dog has ingested xylitol should immediately contact their veterinarian or call an animal poison control center.
On the other hand, unsalted peanut butter has no added sugar or sweeteners, so it's safe for dogs in moderation.
Without salt, butter, or sugar. Whole popcorn can be a nutritious treat for dogs. Popcorn contains minerals like magnesium, phosphorus, and zinc, which are important in keeping dogs healthy.
Make sure dogs don't eat popcorn kernels as it could choke them.
Unseasoned cooked pork is safe for dogs. However, they should only consume a small portion of pork, as the high-fat content makes it difficult to digest. It can cause inflammation and pancreatitis in dogs.
But, do not give your dog processed bacon or ham because of its high salt content.
Cooked turkey is safe for dogs and offers good taste; taken, it should be plain and unseasoned. Many commercial dog foods contain turkey because it is a good source of protein.
Before giving your dog cooked turkey, remove the fat first. Too much fat can cause pancreatic problems in dogs.
Blueberries are safe for dogs. They are a rich source of antioxidants, fiber, and phytochemicals, providing dogs' a range of health benefits.
Various research suggests that antioxidants can help improve age-related problems in older dogs.
It is a safe low-calorie snack for dogs, and it can be a good choice for any overweight dog. Cucumbers also contain many vitamins and minerals, such as vitamin K.
They are a good source of protein and contain calcium, iron, and vitamin K. Dogs can eat chickpeas cooked or raw. However, skip the seasoning and chop the beans first to avoid choking.
Dogs can safely eat watermelon flesh but do not give them the seeds or rind. Watermelon is safe for dogs, but it's essential to remove all the seeds first, as they can cause an intestinal blockage. Chewing on the peel can also cause an upset stomach, so remove the rind before feeding your dog watermelon.
Watermelon has high water content and helps the dog to be hydrated. It’s also a good source of vitamins A, C, and B6.
What foods can be harmful to dogs?
Avoid feeding dogs:
It contains persin, which is toxic for dogs and can cause vomiting and diarrhea.
Meanwhile, you enjoy them; some cherries contain cyanide, a poison; and pose a choking hazard or intestinal obstruction if swallowed.
Chocolate, coffee, and caffeine
Never give your dog chocolate, coffee, or anything that contains caffeine. These products contain chemicals called methyl-xanthines, which are toxic to dogs. The chemical can cause vomiting, irregular heartbeat, seizures, and sometimes death.
If your dog likes chocolate cakes, then those are for dogs, but they contain special chocolate substitutes that they can safely eat.
Raisins and raisins
Grapes, raisins, sultanas, and raspberries are highly toxic to dogs. Even a tiny amount can cause kidney failure and, in some cases, death.
Also, avoid giving your dog any products that may contain these foods, such as fruit tarts or malted bread.
Fruits containing citrus
Citrus fruits and their fruits, such as oranges and lemons, contain citric acid. While eating small amounts of peeled fruit is fine for some dogs, it can cause stomach upset.
In more significant amounts, citric acid can cause nervous system depression.
You may think it's water and nutritious, but it has a high potassium content, which is not suitable for the dogs as per their structure.
A person should also limit the amount of coconut oil or meat they feed their dog, as these foods can cause stomach upset or diarrhea.
Avoid giving your dog nuts. Macadamia nuts are toxic to dogs and can cause muscle weakness, vomiting, coma, and hyperthermia. Another type of nuts can also become a reason for choking your dog.
No matter how much you think giving them a scoop won't do much harm, Human-grade ice cream is not suitable for them. It has a high sugar content, and it could affect them. Also, some dogs are lactose intolerant.
Onions, garlic, and chives
These are part of the Allium genus and contain a substance called organo-sulfoxides. These are toxic to dogs and may lead to vomiting, diarrhea, and stomach pain. Organo-sulfoxides can also cause anemia in dogs.
Raw or undercooked meat
Dog food containing raw meat can be hazardous to health. Uncooked meat can contain Escherichia coli and Salmonella, which are bacteria that can cause food poisoning in dogs and people. Cooking meat properly kills bacteria.
Several manufacturers have promoted the benefits of raw meat for dogs in recent years, and some store products contain it. It is essential to understand that raw meat diets pose health risks to dogs and may not provide a complete nutritional balance.
Including raw eggs in your dog's diet can lead to biotin deficiency in dogs, affecting their skin and coat health.
Too much salt can cause thirst and can increase urination in dogs, leading to sodium ion poisoning. Symptoms of this poisoning may include: vomiting, diarrhea, convulsion or shaking, high temperature, and convulsions
It’s a sugar substitute used in many human foods. Furthermore, xylitol is toxic for dogs and can cause liver failure and dangerously low blood sugar.
Anyone who suspects their dog has eaten anything poisonous should immediately call a veterinarian or animal poison control center.
Let’s accept it, we cannot say no to those puppy eyes, and we end up giving our food to them. Despite how nutritious our will be it can be bad for the dog in greater amounts.
If your dog has any of the diseases, consult a veterinarian certified clinical nutritionist before giving your dog human food:
They are our naïve furry responsibilities. They can eat anything they find, so we must take care of the messy toes. If in doubt about a particular food, talk to your veterinarian before giving it to your dog.
Also read: Do you know enough about Kibble
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